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You don't have to be a trained professional to help a person contemplating suicide You can help your child overcome anxiety by taking their fears seriously and encouraging them to talk about their feelings Exposure to second-hand smoke increases the risk of children developing asthma and provokes more frequent asthma in children with asthma Parents and children talk about some of the factors that can cause a child's asthma to flare up Children with back pain may grow into adults with chronic bad backs, so it is important to encourage sensible back care Bedwetting is a problem for many children and punishing them for it will only add to their distress A chest infection affects your lungs, either in the larger airways bronchitis or in the smaller air sacs pneumonia Chickenpox is highly contagious, but it is generally mild and gets better without the need for special treatment A child learning to walk receives important sensory information from the soles of their feet, and shoes can make walking more difficult Don't slap a choking person on the back while they are upright - gravity may cause the object to slip further down their windpipe If you choose circumcision for your son, you and your doctor should make sure the operation is performed by an experienced and competent person using appropriate anaesthetic A healthy diet, plenty of fluids, exercise and regular toilet habits can help relieve constipation in children Coughing and wheezing in babies can be distressing for you and your baby, but in most cases symptoms can be relieved at home Croup is a viral infection of the throat and windpipe that causes noisy breathing, a hoarse voice and a harsh, barking cough Dental anxiety is common, but there are ways to help you manage it.

Talk to your dentist about which strategies are right for you It is estimated that around four out of five children will experience a middle ear infection at least once Children with epilepsy generally have seizures that respond well to medication, and they enjoy a normal and active childhood Fever is a way in which the body fights infection. A fever is not dangerous and does not always indicate a serious illness Gastroenteritis or Gastro can be dangerous for very young babies.

Gastro is common in young children and spreads easily. Gastro is a bowel infection which causes diarrhoea runny or watery poo and Growing pains may cause a lot of pain but they are harmless and can respond to simple treatments Good personal hygiene is essential to prevent the spread of hand, foot and mouth disease to others, both for those infected and their carers The earlier that hearing loss is identified in children, the better for the child? By law, parents or guardians must provide an Immunisation History Statement when enrolling children in any childcare service, kindergarten or primary school in Victoria Vaccinations are encouraged for all individuals living in the state of Victoria, Australia.

The immunisation program in Victoria may be different than other countries, and individuals who have moved If your baby is full-term and healthy, mild jaundice is nothing to worry about and will resolve by itself within a week or so Do not leave young adults alone if they suddenly develop a fever because they may become seriously ill very quickly Oral thrush, mouth ulcers and cold sores are common oral conditions in babies and young children Despite the unsavoury reputation, a pinworm infection worms is relatively harmless and easily treated Every child is at risk of tooth decay, but good feeding habits and oral care can help prevent decay in baby teeth The major symptom of whooping cough is a severe cough, which is often followed by a 'whooping' sound Immunisation is one of the safest and most effective ways we know of stopping preventable diseases from spreading.

Find out more about immunisation in Australia This immunisation checklist will help you prepare so you know what to expect and what information you will need to give your GP or clinic staff before your immunisation Being immunised from an early age helps protect your child against serious childhood infections We answer some common questions about immunisation, including how immunisation works, why it's important and where you can be immunised Immunisations are important for you as you get older, because your immune system can become less effective at protecting you from some diseases It protects you, your family and your community.

And it also helps protect future generations by eradicating diseases If you've recently arrived in Australia or missed out on an immunisation for any reason, you may need catch-up doses A number of combined immunisations against diphtheria, tetanus and other infectious diseases are available to provide protection at various life stages Find out how important you and your child's immunisation is to the most vulnerable members in our community Since May there has been an increase in the number of confirmed cases of meningococcal C disease in Victoria, mostly in men who have sex with men Services include parent education to maternal and child healthcare, child care, crisis support, child protection, family violence and relationship services Children should always be closely supervised near animals and taught how to behave safely around pets ASD is a complex disorder that affects a person's ability to interact with the world around them Autism spectrum disorder is a lifelong condition, but you are not on your own and there are plenty of professionals and groups who can help As they grow and develop, and with the help of adults, children become increasingly aware of how they can manage their own safety and become safer road and bicycle users Sexuality is a key part of human nature.

Expressing sexuality in satisfying ways is important for everyone, including people with a disability. Some people with disability may need additional support If your child has a disability, you need to consider extra issues when your child starts school For a person with Down syndrome, being included in all aspects of family life can lead to a successful life within the community There are a number of significant health and medical issues that are more common in people with Down syndrome By making a few practical changes to your home, you can dramatically reduce the risk of injury to your child The best way to reduce the risk of injury to children is to remove a potentially dangerous item or add a safety product Taking care to restrain children correctly while travelling in a car is the best way to prevent injuries Children who live on farms are at greater risk of injury and death than their parents or other farm workers Babies and children can quickly lose body fluids in hot weather, which can lead to dehydration Play environments can be safe and beneficial for your child.

With proper planning, you can make sure your child gets plenty of playtime activity Call the Poisons Information Centre on 13 11 26 immediately if you suspect your child has been poisoned or given the wrong medicine or the wrong dose of medicine As they grow and develop, and with the help of adults, children become increasingly aware of how they can manage their own safety, and become safer road users Toddlers are most at risk of drowning because they are mobile and curious but don't understand the danger of water Any person who believes, on reasonable grounds, that a child needs protection can notify Child Protection Child Protection provides child-centred, family-focused services to protect children from harm caused by abuse within the family There is a range of non-government agencies available to help families under stress in caring for their children Too many children are physically, sexually and emotionally abused and when this happens, it is up to adults to speak up Miscarriage, stillbirth or neonatal death is a shattering event for those expecting a baby, and for their families.

Grief, relationship stresses and anxiety about subsequent pregnancies are common in It can be difficult to talk to a child about death, but it is important to be honest with them People who have support from family and friends are less likely to suffer poor health after bereavement and loss Provides an overview of family support programs and health services available to refugees and asylum seekers living in Victoria You can reduce your baby's risk of sudden unexpected death by providing a safe sleeping environment and avoiding tobacco smoke Tell your child the facts about a distressing or frightening experience using language they can understand Preschoolers may not have the words but will show their distress at traumatic events through changes in behaviour and functioning A teenager may be deeply upset by a traumatic event, but not share their feelings with their parents It is normal to have strong emotional or physical reactions after a distressing or frightening event, and help is available A community health centre is publicly funded and offers a range of health services to local residents For children diagnosed with a disability, getting the support they need as early as possible will give them the best chance of minimising the long-term effects of the disability Provides an overview of the financial and family support services available to foster carers, families providing permanent care and adoptive parents Your local maternal and child health service will be a great source of support after your baby is born Early Parenting Centres help families whose children have sleep, feeding or other difficulties You may need outside help to resolve problems and ensure your relationship stays healthy and strong Help your child manage stress during exams by getting them to use good study habits, eat well, exercise, relax, sleep and keep things in perspective This page has been produced in consultation with and approved by: Content on this website is provided for information purposes only.

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What is Trauma

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What Are the Main Sources of Trauma?

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Teenagers tend to seesaw between independence and insecurity after a distressing event. A teenager may be deeply upset by such an event, but not share their feelings with their parents.

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Seek professional advice if you are worried about your teenager. A traumatic experience is any event in life that causes a threat to our safety and potentially places our own life or the lives of others at risk. As a result, a person experiences high levels of emotional, psychological, and physical distress that temporarily disrupts their ability to function normally in day to day life. Teenagers who experience a distressing or frightening event are often concerned by these strong emotions.

Teenagers can also be deeply upset by local, national or international tragedies, or trauma that affects their friends. Your teenager will handle trauma differently to younger children or adults. A younger child depends directly on their family, whereas many teenagers look to their peer group for support.

EXO 엑소 - 트라우마 (Trauma) [Color Coded Lyrics HAN/ROM/ENG]

In order to help them, parents need to understand the ways in which teenagers manage distress. Common reactions to trauma in teenagers Every young person is different, but common symptoms of distress include: Normal healing and recovery process after trauma Any event that places your life or the lives of others at risk results in your body going into a state of heightened arousal. Emergency mode gives people the capacity to access a lot of energy in a short period of time to maximise the chance of survival. Most people only stay in emergency mode for a short period of time or until the immediate threat has passed.

However, being in emergency mode uses up vital energy supplies and this is why people often feel quite tired afterwards. The normal healing and recovery process involves your body coming down out of a state of heightened arousal. In other words, your internal alarms turn off, the high levels of energy subside, and your body re-sets itself to a normal state of balance and equilibrium. Typically, this should occur within about one month of the event. Adolescence and independence The transition from child to adult can be rocky. A teenager may lose the confidence they had as a child.

For teenagers, friends and peer groups are very important. This sort of contradictory behaviour can be confusing to the teenager and to the parents trying to help them. Breakdowns in communication A teenager may be deeply upset by the event, but despite this, they may not want to share their feelings with their parents. Some of the reasons for this include that they: Family problems that can develop after a traumatic event Family problems can occur if: Tips to help teenagers resolve traumatic reactions There are a number of strategies that can be put in place to help a teenager resolve traumatic reactions.

Some common suggestions include: Encourage the young person to communicate without judging or advising them until they ask for your feedback. Show them that you really care for them and are genuinely interested and enjoy being with them. Negotiate changes in roles and responsibilities during recovery and be flexible.

Continue to give love, support and trust, even if things are extremely difficult. Remember your teenager is the same person they were before the event, even if they seem different. When to seek help from a health professional after a traumatic event Traumatic stress can cause very strong reactions in some teenagers and may become chronic ongoing. Signs that you should seek professional help include: Their behaviour is dangerous, reckless or harmful. They seem persistently depressed or anxious. They start abusing substances, such as cigarettes or alcohol, or their use increases dramatically.

You are worried about them for any reason at all.

Psychological trauma

If at any time you are worried about your mental health or the mental health of a loved one, call Lifeline 13 11 Send us your feedback. Rate this website Your comments Questions Your details. Excellent Good Average Fair Poor. Next Submit Now Cancel. Please note that we cannot answer personal medical queries. If you are looking for health or medical advice we recommend that you: Enter your comments below optional.

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Signs and Symptoms of Trauma - Causes and Effects

Parenting on your own A person can become a single or sole parent for many different reasons. Parenting services Parenting is one of the most important tasks we undertake but it doesn't always come naturally Raising Children Network Raising Children Network is an online parenting resource providing research-based information Travelling with children If your child is old enough, involve them in planning a trip so they can get excited about it Family structures 10 tips for happier step-parenting Give your undivided attention when your child asks for it Adoption Adoption can give a secure family life to children who can?

Empty nest syndrome The grief of empty nest syndrome often goes unrecognised, because an adult child moving out of home is seen as a normal, healthy event Foster care Foster care is temporary care of children up to 18 years by trained, assessed and accredited foster carers Kinship care Kinship care is the care provided by relatives or a member of a child's social network when a child cannot live with their parents Permanent care After experiencing abuse, neglect or rejection, many children are slow to put their trust in anyone Single parenting In single-parent households, issues such as holidays or major family purchases are more likely to be decided with the children Stepfamilies Becoming part of a stepfamily involves adjusting to a number of changes Surrogacy Surrogacy is a form of assisted reproductive treatment ART in which a woman carries a child within her uterus on behalf of another person or couple When children move out of home If you don't approve of your child's reasons for moving out, try to keep the lines of communication open Communication, identity and behaviour 10 tips for managing sibling rivalry Teach your children to sort out minor differences themselves Body image and young people - staying positive video The pressure on young girls and boys to be physically perfect is creating an epidemic of children and teenagers with low self-esteem and negative body image.

Body image — tips for parents Give your child opportunities to appreciate their body for what it can do, rather than what it looks like Bullying Parents can help with bullying by supporting their child and involving the authorities to find solutions Often, shock and denial are typical reactions to a traumatic event. Over time, these emotional responses may fade, but a survivor may also experience reactions long-term.

Trauma therapy is not one-size-fits-all. It must be adapted to address different symptoms. Currently, there are several trauma therapy modalities in place: Additionally, neurofeedback a type of biofeedback that focuses on brain waves shows promise in helping patients with trauma symptoms learn to change their brain wave activity to help them become calmer and better able to engage with others.

It is possible to heal from emotional and psychological trauma. We know that the brain changes in response to a traumatic experience, however, by working with a mental health professional who specializes in trauma, you can leave your trauma behind and learn to feel safe again. For more information, contact us or call us today at Your email address will not be published.

Complex Trauma Complex trauma happens repetitively. Developmental Trauma Disorder Developmental trauma disorder is a recent term in the study of psychology. Trauma Symptoms Often, shock and denial are typical reactions to a traumatic event. Anger Persistent feelings of sadness and despair Flashbacks Unpredictable emotions Physical symptoms, such as nausea and headaches Intense feelings of guilt, as if they are somehow responsible for the event An altered sense of shame Feelings of isolation and hopelessness Trauma Therapy Trauma therapy is not one-size-fits-all.

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy CBT teaches the person become more aware of their thoughts and beliefs about their trauma and gives them skills to help them react to emotional triggers in a healthier way. Exposure therapy also called In Vivo Exposure Therapy is a form of cognitive behavior therapy that is used to reduce the fear associated with the emotional triggers caused by the trauma. Talk therapy psychodynamic psychotherapy is a method of verbal communication that is used to help a person find relief from emotional pain and strengthen the adaptive ways of problem management that the individual already possesses.